Country of birth: US
Nicole Gaudelli invented a way to potentially correct almost half of all genetic diseases caused by single-gene mutations.
Gene-editing tools such as CRISPR can fix some of the single-letter genetic “spelling” mistakes that can drive inherited diseases. But they don’t correct for having the nucleic acid adenine, or A, appear in a DNA strand where there should have been a guanine, or G.
Read more on technologyreview.com.