While it is just the beginning of the summer season, the country has already started witnessing record-breaking temperatures. On Monday, April 30, the highest temperature in the city of Nawabshah in Sindh was recorded at 50.2 degree Celsius.
According to Etienne Kapikian, a meteorologist at Meteo France, this may be the hottest temperature ever reliably measured anywhere on Earth during the month of April. He made the observation on social media platform Twitter.
In the month March as well, the highest temperature anywhere in Pakistan was recorded in Nawabshah.
According to a report by the Pakistan Meteorological Department (PMD), there was a severe heat wave during the last quarter of March which affected large parts of the country, especially the province of Sindh. The temperature peaked between March 29 and March 31, when at least 34 PMD stations (having a minimum of 20 years of historical data for the month) observed record-breaking maximum temperatures. The highest temperature was recorded at 45.5 degree Celsius in Nawabshah.
Dr Ghulam Rasool, the director general of the PMD, confirmed the highest temperatures recorded in Nawabshah in March and April to a local TV channel. However, he said that he could not comment on world temperatures.
In a report published by The Washington Post on Tuesday, an expert on global weather extremes, Christopher Burt, also confirmed that 50.2 degree Celsius was the highest temperature “yet reliably observed on Earth in modern records” during the month of April.
He said the next closest extreme April temperature of 51.0 degree Celsius was recorded in Santa Rosa, Mexico, in 2001, but it was of “of dubious reliability”.
The World Meteorological Organization does not conduct official reviews of monthly temperature extremes so the temperature in Nawabshah has not been classified as a world record. However, a rapporteur for the agency’s committee on extreme records, Randy Cerveny, was quoted as saying in The Washington Post report that he would trust Burt’s take. “He’s pretty thorough about those things,” he noted.