In 2008, the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) in the United States solved a 30-year-old murder case with the help of its Integrated Automated Fingerprint Identification System (IAFIS)—which then housed the records of approximately 73 million criminal subjects.
The victim, 61-year-old Carroll Bonnet, had been stabbed to death in Omaha, Nebraska, in 1978. The crime scene evidence was processed and latent prints recovered from the scene matched against fingerprint files but no corresponding fingerprints were found. The IAFIS did not exist at the time. So the case went cold.Read more
The concept of a “Smart City” is a relatively new one in the realm of modern day urban development and is being adopted by different cities in the world in the pursuit to serve their citizens in the best possible manner.
Simply, smart cities embrace information communication technologies (ICT) and the Internet of Things (IoT) solutions to manage the use of resources in the best possible way and acquire automated feedback through specialized ICT based infrastructure. Besides providing quality of life to the citizens, the purpose is to gauge the effectiveness of different urban systems and service delivery models in place and make required improvements on the basis of this feedback. All this also involves handling of big data—something not possible to do manually—so dependence is overwhelmingly on the use of technology.